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Day 9 » The Passover Lamb

Today's post is written by Bonnie Duncan. 

Today's post is written by Bonnie Duncan. 

Today’s Reading » Exodus 3, 11-12

I have indeed seen the misery of my people in Egypt. I have heard them crying out because of their slave drivers, and I am concerned about their suffering. So I have come down to rescue them from the hand of the Egyptians and to bring them up out of that land into a good and spacious land.” Exodus 3:7-8

Exodus is one of my favorite books in the Bible. It’s a story of God’s supernatural rescue of the Israelites from Egypt’s oppression. Despite the supernatural rescue and despite the miracles, the Israelites rebel and turn away from God. The beauty of this story is it reminds us that imperfect people can still get to know a God who loves them perfectly.

Moses wrote this book for the Israelites as a reminder of how God rescued them from slavery. Exodus is a book that details God’s progressive revelation to his people. It’s the book where God establishes trust, makes Himself known, and establishes the law to give a framework for how His people can know him and be set apart as His.

Exodus reveals God’s direct involvement in human history, his concern for the oppressed, and the lengths that He will go to reach the people He loves.

We pick up today with chapter 12: the Passover—one of the central events in the history of Israel, and yet another foreshadowing of the perfect sacrifice.

Just as the Israelites were called to trust God for deliverance from their bitter enslavement to the Egyptians, so are we called to trust Jesus for deliverance from our enslavement to sin.

The details of Passover provide another glimpse of the thread of redemption:

We also see numerous other New Testament references to the Passover. 

Paul writes in his first letter to the Corinthians:

“For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed. Therefore let us keep the Festival, not with the old bread leavened with malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.” 1 Corinthians 5:7-8

Jesus said to people on the road to Emmaus:

“How foolish you are, and how slow to believe all that the prophets have spoken! Did not the Messiah have to suffer these things and then enter his glory?” And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he explained to them what was said in all the Scriptures concerning himself. Luke 24:25-27 

While Passover was the beginning of Israel’s redemption, it foreshadowed a much bigger redemption plan for the world. 

Day 8 » A Prophetic Picture of Jesus

Today's post was written by Bonnie Duncan. 

Today's post was written by Bonnie Duncan. 

Today’s Reading » Genesis 50, Exodus 1

Today we close out the book of Genesis. Throughout this week we have seen this dominant theme that will prevail throughout the rest of the Bible: we have a God that fulfills his promises.

The people in Genesis, quite frankly, are a hot mess. Adam and Eve had one job and failed. Abraham fathered a child with his servant Hagar when he was promised one with his wife Sarah.

Jacob steals his brother’s birthright, and accidentally marries Leah.

Joseph’s siblings sell him into slavery.

They’re a mess. All of them. It’s the stuff soap operas are made of. But despite these failures and shortcomings, God is faithful to his plan of redemption. And we see this in the genealogy of Jesus.

Despite their failure, the genealogy addressed in Genesis of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob & Joseph paves the way for Jesus. From the very beginning of the story, this thread of God’s redemption is evident.

Genesis closes as the life of Joseph comes to an end, and the parallels we see between the lives of Joseph and Jesus are astounding (source):

  • Joseph was his father’s favorite, even as Jesus would be his Father’s favorite: Genesis 37:3Matthew 3:17
  • Joseph was a shepherd, even as Jesus would be the good shepherd: Genesis 37:2, John 10:11, 27
  • Joseph was hated and envied by his brothers, even as Jesus would be hated and envied by his brothers: Genesis 37:4, Matthew 27:17-18
  • Joseph’s brothers plotted to kill him, even as Jesus’ brothers would plot to kill him: Genesis 37:20John 11:53
  • Joseph was tempted and resisted, even as Jesus would be tempted and resisted: Genesis 39:7-8Matthew 4:1
  • Joseph was stripped of his robe, even as Jesus would be stripped of his clothes: Genesis 37:23John 19:23
  • Joseph’s life was sold for silver, even as Jesus’ life would be sold for silver: Genesis 37:38, Matthew 26:15
  • Joseph was falsely accused, even as Jesus would be falsely accused: Genesis 39:12-20Matthew 26:59-60
  • Joseph was with two other convicts, one who would be saved, and one who would be lost. Jesus was on the cross with two other convicts, one who would be saved, and one who would be lost: Genesis 40:2-3Luke 23:32
  • Joseph was 30 years old when he entered the service of Pharoah king of Egypt, even as Jesus would be 30 years old when he entered the service of the King of kings: Genesis 41:46Luke 3:23
  • Joseph was exalted after his suffering, even as Jesus would be exalted after his suffering: Genesis 41:41-43Philippians 2:9-11
  • Joseph forgave those who wronged him, even as Jesus would forgive those who wronged him: Genesis 45:1-15Luke 23:34
  • Joseph saved the nation of Egypt, and other nations, even as Jesus would save his people, and the nations of the world: Genesis 45:7, John 3:16-17
  • What men did to harm Joseph, God used to save people, even as what men did to harm Jesus, God would use to save people: Genesis 50:201 Corinthians 2:7-8

Even in the lives of His people, God foreshadows his plan for a savior. One of the principles of good hermeneutics—or the study of scripture—is that scripture cannot mean to us something it did not mean to the people it was written to.

The exception to this rule is the Thread of Jesus.

Moses (the writer of Genesis) did not know Jesus, nor did he know the circumstances of his life. Yet the parallels between Jesus and Joseph are eerily similar. This is evidence that the Holy Spirit is working throughout the writing of the Bible. Its writers were speaking on something they didn’t fully understand to a God they didn’t yet fully know.

And the result of that is this coherent thread that runs through scripture.